Indian Penal Code Facts

The Indian Penal code is a vital document of the judicial and law enforcing section of the India Judiciary. It is used as a reference by all the jury and the law enforcers in order to enforce certain laws and to counter the breaking of these laws and rules. The Indian Penal Code came into existence in the year around 1862.It was basically a result of the first Indian Law Commission, that came into being in 1860 and produced a set of rules and laws that were listed in a systematic order into a docket of great judicial as well as national importance. This commission was headed by a learned Englishman - Lord Macaulay.The result of this conference was what we today refer to as the Indian Penal Code, which was an account of the British legislations.

When the Indian Penal Code was first drafted in 1862, various existent law enforcing documents such as the French Penal Code as well as the Livingstone's Code of Louisiana were used as reference. The Indian Penal Code today is a foundation to al the legal jurisdictions and consults .It covers almost all the known aspects of civil criminal laws and is applicable to all the citizens of India. The document holds importance in all the states of the county. This also includes the state of Jammu and Kashmir, with the exception that it is known by a different name there – Ranbir Penal Code, abbreviated as RPC.

The main feature of the Indian Penal Code is that it provides the law makers as well as enforcers with a fundamental document, that maps all the various laws and the liable punishments if the laws are breached in some way or the other. Another important feature of the Indian Penal Code is that it is applicable to any kind of crime committed on various aircrafts, ships and vessels if they fall into the Indian Territory when the crime is committed on them. Since the time when it was formulated for the first time, the Indian Penal Code has had a dynamic modification pattern to its form and content. This is because various type of changes or amendments were included into the existing set in order to make the judicial system of the country, much more realistic and true to the world.

The Indian Penal Code is very versatile when it comes to the categories of the committed civil crimes are sought. The Indian Penal Code has detailed, listed provisions for crimes committed by Indian nationals under the following broad categories:

Crimes and Offences Pertaining To Human Body (Or Corporal Crimes)
This category takes into account the deliberate or unintentional actions of any person to corporally harm other people in some way or the other. This broad category is again sub divided into categories, each pertaining to a particular set of crimes. For example:

Culpable Homicide
This category concerns the condition when a person gets killed by some other person, who has the reason and motive to do so and does it intentionally. This is a chargeable offence under the Indian Penal Code.